Indium 5.8LS Pb Free Soldering Paste
• Ultra-low flux spattering (ideal for applications with Au finger connectors)
• Ultra-low solder beading
• Superior stencil life
• Outstanding print characteristics
• Extremely wide process window
Indium5.8LS is a halide-free, no-clean solder paste specifically formulated for low flux spatter. This material is designed to accommodate the higher processing temperatures required by the Sn/Ag/Cu and Sn/Ag Pb-Free alloy systems in an air or nitrogen reflow atmosphere. This product formulation offers consistent, repeatable printing performance combined with long stencil and tack times to handle the rigors of today’s high speed as well as high mix surface mount lines.
Indium Corporation manufactures low-oxide spherical powder composed of a variety of Pb-Free alloys that cover a broad range of melting temperatures. Type 4 and Type
3 powder are standard offerings with SAC305 & SAC387 alloys. The metal percent is the weight percent of the solder powder in the solder paste and is dependant upon the powder type and application. Standard product offerings are detailed in the table below.
Standard Product Specifications
|96.5Sn/3.0Ag/0.5Cu (SAC305)||88.5% (Type 4)||800105|
|96.5Sn/3.0Ag/0.5Cu (SAC305)||89.0% (Type 3)||83753|
Standard packaging for stencil printing applications includes 4 oz. jars and 6 oz. or 12 oz. cartridges. Packaging for enclosed print head systems is also readily available. For dispensing applications, 10cc and 30cc syringes are standard. Other packaging options may be available upon request.
Storage and Handling Procedures
Refrigerated storage is recommended throughout the shelf life of solder paste. The shelf life of Indium5.8LS is 6 months when stored at <10°C. Store syringes and car tridges tip down.
Remove solder paste from refrigeration at least two hours before use to allow the solder paste to reach an ambient working temperature. As the time to reach thermal equilibrium will var y with container size, verify solder paste temperature prior to use. Label jars and car tridges with the date and time of opening.
Material Safety Data Sheets
The MSDS for this product can be found online at
• Flux Type (per J-STD-004A) - ROL0
• Flux Induced Corrosion (Copper Mirror) - L
• Presence of Halide
Silver Chromate - Pass
Fluoride Spot Test - Pass
Quantitative Halide Content - 0%
• Post Reflow Flux Residue (ICA Test) - 46%
• SIR - Pass
• Typical Solder Paste Viscosity
88.5% metal load (Type 4) - 1400 poise*
89% metal load (Type 3) - 1600 poise*
• Slump Test - Pass
• Solder Ball Test - Pass
• Typical Tackiness - 34 grams
• Wetting Test - Pass
• SIR - Pass
• Electromigration - Pass
*Pending statistical validation
*J-STD-004A has replaced J-STD-004 and is more stringent in its requirements.
Electroformed and laser cut/electropolished stencils produce the best printing characteristics among stencil types. Stencil aperture design is a crucial step in optimizing the print process. The following are a few general recommendations:
- Discrete components — A 10-20% reduction of stencil aperture has significantly reduced or eliminated the occurrence of mid-chip solder beads. The “home plate” design is a common method for achieving this reduction.
- Fine pitch components — A surface area reduction is recommended for apertures of 20 mil pitch and finer. This reduction will help minimize solder balling and bridging that can lead to electrical shorts. The amount of reduction necessary is process dependent (5-15% is common).
- For adequate release of solder paste from stencil aperatures, a minimum aspect ratio of 1.5 is required. The aspect ratio is defined as the width of the aperture divided by the thickness of the stencil.
The following are general recommendations for stencil printer optimization. Adjustments may be necessary based on specific process requirement:
• Solder Paste Bead Size: 20-25mm diameter
• Print Speed: 25-100mm/sec
• Squeegee Pressure: 0.018-0.027kg/mm of blade length
• Underside Stencil Wipe: Once ever y 10-25 prints
• Solder Paste Stencil Life: >8 hrs. @ 30-60% RH & 22°-28°C
Indium5.8LS is designed for no-clean applications, however the flux can be removed if necessary by using a commercially available flux residue remover.
Stencil Cleaning: This is best per formed using isopropyl alcohol (IPA) as a solvent. Most commercially available stencil cleaners work well.
• Rework Flux: TACFlux® 018
Reflow Recommended Profile
The stated profile recommendations apply to most Pb-Free alloys in the Sn/Ag/Cu (SAC) alloy system, including SAC 305 (96.5Sn/3.0Ag/0.5Cu). This can be used as a general guideline in establishing a reflow profile when using Indium5.8LS Solder Paste. Deviations from these recommendations are acceptable, and may be necessary, based on specific process requirements, including board size, thickness & density.
The use of a linear ramp rate or ramp-to-spike (RTS) type profile assists in minimizing the greatest overall number of defects associated with the reflow process. If the ramp rate is too fast, it can cause solder balling, solder beading, and aggravated hot slump which can lead to bridging. The ramp rate in the preheat stage of the profile can range from 0.5°- 2.5°C/second (0.5°-1°C/second is ideal). A short soak of 20-30 seconds just below the melting point of the solder alloy can help minimize tombstoning when using a RTS type profile.
If necessary, a ramp-soak-spike (RSS) profile can be implemented to minimize voiding on BGA and CSP type packages. A soak zone between 200°-210°C for up to 2 minutes is acceptable.
To achieve acceptable wetting and form a quality solder joint, the acceptable temperature range above the melting point of the solder alloy is 12°-50°C (15°-30°C is ideal). The acceptable range for time above liquidus (TAL) is 30-100 seconds (45-60 seconds is ideal). A peak temperature and TAL above these recommendations can result in excessive intermetallic formation that can decrease solder joint reliability.
A rapid cool down is desired to form a fine grain structure. Slow cooling will form a large grain structure, which typically exhibits poor fatigue resistance. The acceptable cooling range is 0.5°C-6.0°C/second (2.0°-6.0°C/second is ideal).